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Heart Transplant Surgery Best Hospitals Low Cost Top Surgeons India

Organ Donation – an overview

Heart Transplant Surgery Best Hospitals Low Cost Top Surgeons India

Organ donation is gifting the most invaluable gift to another person – a renewed life. It can be called as the best legacy that we can leave behind. Today, organ donation provides hope to a plethora of people around the globe. But sadly, the number of people awaiting organ donation is always higher than the people willing to donate.

While our body overall depreciates during the lifetime, sometimes diseases or genetics may attack and destroy one specific organ while the remaining body remains comparatively healthier. It depends on which organ is wearing down. There are various life-sustaining treatment options before transplantation that can be helpful to improve your health. For example, when it comes to kidneys, the process of Dialysis helps a person suffering from damaged kidneys. But, the rest of the body has to bear the brunt due to the side effects. A person on Dialysis faces a higher risk of cardiovascular disease because dialysis brings down the amount of antioxidants that generally fight toxins within our body.

Types of organ donation

There are principally two types of organ donation – living donation and deceased donation.

  • Living organ donation

Living donation is when someone donates a portion of their liver or one of their kidneys to a patient while the donor is still alive. Living donors can donate one kidney, a lung, or a portion of the liver, pancreas, or intestine. This offers an alternative for people waiting for a deceased donor, and it increases the number of organs available, saving more lives. Living donors can be friends, spouses, family members, or altruistic donors, who wish to help someone in need.

  • Deceased organ donation

It is important to remember, that deceased donation is only possible after all attempts to save the patient’s life have been tried, and brain death has been declared. Even though the person, who is brain dead, is technically dead, but the organs would be still functioning hence suitable for organ donation. Such a donor can donate kidneys, liver, lungs, heart, pancreas, and intestines. In 2014, hands and faces were added to the organ transplant list.

Heart Transplant – saving one of the most crucial organs of human anatomy

A Heart Transplant in India, also known as a Cardiac transplant, is a surgical transplant procedure performed on patients, who have end-stage heart failure or severe coronary artery disease. This procedure is the last resort for patients with heart failure and is recommended when other medical or surgical treatments have not yielded positive outcomes. It’s a life-saving cure intended to improve the quality of life and increase the life span for the recipients. The heart failure might have been caused by coronary heart disease, damaged heart valves or heart muscles, congenital heart defects, or viral infections of the heart. Send your query to know the Heart Transplant in India Cost and Success Rate of Heart Transplant in India.

Who Needs a Heart Transplant?

Over the years, Heart Transplantation has evolved from an experimental procedure to an established and matured treatment methodology. Mostly, patients who are recommended a heart transplant have end-stage heart failure, but are fit enough to receive a heart transplant procedure. Contact us to schedule your appointment with the Best Heart Transplant Surgeons in India.

The leading reasons why people are recommended heart transplantation are:

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  • Severe coronary heart disease
  • Hereditary conditions
  • Damaged heart valves and muscles
  • Congenital heart defects

Most patients, who are considered for heart transplants are those who have tried other modes of treatments such as medicines, implanted devices and surgery, but haven’t had any success. So if Heart Transplant is the final remedy, then such patients have to undergo an evaluation process to see if you are eligible for a transplant. The evaluation will check if the patient:

  • has a heart condition that would benefit from transplantation
  • has received maximal medical therapy before being considered for transplantations – if other less aggressive treatment options are beneficial
  • Patient already undergone other cardiac surgery like CABG or valve replacement
  • is healthy enough to undergo this complex procedure and post-transplant treatments
  • agrees to quit smoking (if a smoker)
  • is willing to follow the medical program outlined by the transplant team, dedicatedly
  • is emotionally strong and will be able to handle the waiting time for a donor heart

Request your appointment with the Top Heart Surgeons in India at the Best Heart Transplant Hospitals in India.

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About the Procedure

Heart transplant surgery is an open heart surgery that takes several hours. Also, if you have had any heart surgeries previously, the surgery gets more complicated and will take longer span of time. First, the patient is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine in order to maintain the steady flow of oxygen-rich blood throughout your body. In this procedure, the surgeon makes an incision in the chest, then separates the chest bone and opens the rib cage to operate without any hassles. After this, the diseased heart is removed and the new (donor’s) heart is sewn into place. Then the new heart is connected to the aorta, which is the main artery from the heart, the pulmonary artery, and the remaining part of the atria.

Generally, the new heart starts beating as soon as the blood flow is restored. But sometimes an electric shock is required to make the donor heart beat properly. You'll be taken off the bypass machine when your new heart starts beating. Fill up the form to know the Heart Transplant Cost in India at the Best Hospitals for Heart Transplant Surgery in India.

Chances of rejection and other associated risks

Our body might consider the new heart as a foreign object initially. So, in order to avoid rejection and the risk of infection, there are some very vital factors that should be kept in mind after a Heart Transplant – practicing good hygiene, routine vaccines, and most importantly maintaining a healthy lifestyle and regular medicines to prevent our immune system from attacking the heart.

  • Graft Failure – If the new heart fails and is not functioning properly.
  • Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy – When walls of the coronary arteries in the new heart become thick.
  • Infections
  • Side effects due to medication

Further, it’s very important to keep a watch for signs and symptoms to understand if our body is rejecting the organ. These signs and symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Fever
  • Fatigue (tiredness)
  • Weight gain (retaining fluid in the body)
  • Reduced amounts of urine (problems in the kidneys can cause this sign)

Current Indian Scenario

Indian healthcare arena has evolved drastically over the years, making India a developed country as a medical tourism destination. The Best Heart Transplant Centres in India has world-class facilities and highly skilled world-class doctors and medical personnel too. Uncompromised quality of services, supreme care and cost-effectiveness are the two key factors that attract people across the globe. If quality comes at an affordable Cost of Heart Transplant in India then it is an unbeatable advantage. This confluence of highest quality and cost advantage is unique for India. There are many 'centres of excellence' in India providing high Heart Transplant Success Rate in India from the Best Heart Transplant Doctors in India, which proffer the best of health amenities to patients around the globe.

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FINEST HEART TRANSPLANT 'CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE' IN INDIA

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FAQ's Heart Transplant in India

How will a transplant change my life?

A successful transplant will dramatically improve the symptoms of heart diseases. Many transplant recipients are able to perform the same physical activities and enjoy the same quality of life as those without transplants. However, all the transplant recipients are committed to daily drug treatments and close medical supervision for the rest of their lives

Who is not a candidate for heart transplantation?

Heart transplant surgery is not for everyone. As donor hearts are hard to come by, strict rules are put into place when approving someone for the candidacy. It is likely that you won't qualify for candidacy if you suffer or have suffered from any of the following:

  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Severe kidney, lung, or liver diseases
  • HIV
  • Cancer
  • Hepatitis
  • Diabetes that has caused severe vital organ damage
  • Stroke
  • Malnourishment
  • Active infection
  • Continued use of smoking, drugs, or alcohol
Where does the donor heart come from?

Donor hearts come from someone who is brain dead but still on a life support and all other attempts of saving their life have failed before organ donation becomes an option. A heart donor is under the age of 65 with little or no history of heart disease or trauma to the chest. Unfortunately they are hard to come by.

Is the evaluation very difficult?

The transplant evaluation is very thorough. Along with specific heart assessment, tests are performed to evaluate the function of all the major organ systems, cancer, screen for infectious diseases, and try and predict how well you and your family will manage with the rigors of the transplant procedure. Most of the tests, even the complex ones, are fairly standardized and can be done at your local community. Some tests may need you to be briefly admitted to a hospital. Typically most of the evaluation can be completed within a week or two. The transplant team meets weekly for discussing the patient evaluations and make decisions on appropriate treatment. The patients who are felt to be good candidates for transplant are then put on a national waiting list.

How long is the waiting list?

Unfortunately the waiting times for the heart transplants are longer, often over six months. The organ offers are made on the basis of the blood type, heart size and the waiting time on the waiting list. While waiting for the donor heart, it is significant to stay healthy so that when it becomes available you are in the best possible condition to undergo the transplant surgery.

What happens when an organ is available?

The patients are contacted as soon as possible when the organ transplant team decides that a potential donor is suitable for one of our recipients. There is a limited amount of time to recover the organs successfully as it is not possible to predict when a suitable organ will become available. Hence, it is fundamental to locate recipients quickly and get them into the hospital in a timely fashion.

Is the surgery very complicated?

This will depend on each patient's specific situation. The transplant surgeon will review the details and risks of the surgical procedure, and the expected recovery after surgery during the evaluation interview.

What Happens Immediately After The Transplant?

After the transplant the patient will be moved to the intensive care unit same as after the routine cardiac surgery. The patient will continue breathing with the help of a ventilator machine for at least several hours until their condition is stable. Many patients wake up the following morning while others may take a little longer. Patients will be moved out of the intensive care unit quite quickly. If all is well they will be moved within a few days to a high dependency or 'step down' ward.

Some transplant patients are nursed in special areas. Often these areas will be on the same wards as for the patients who have had routine cardiac and thoracic surgery. Usually the transplant patients are kept in separate rooms or bay for number of visitors to be restricted. If there is a particularly high risk of infection then the visitors will be asked to wear gloves, masks and gowns.

How long will I be hospitalized after the heart transplant?

This will depend on your specific situation. Patients can sufficiently recover after the heart transplant and can be discharged within 10 days. However, they need to be hospitalized for two weeks or more.

Do I have to stay near the hospital after the transplant?

All transplant patients are required to be within 30 minutes driving distance of the transplant center for the first six weeks post discharge. During this interval, the frequency of follow-up visits and lab tests can be a problem for patients who live far away.

Will I have pain after the surgery?

Generally, most patients do not report a lot of pain after the heart transplant surgery. Though the incision may cause pain or discomfort while you cough. We will provide you with pain medications and specific instructions for reducing the pain.

Can my family stay with me?
Your family can accompany you until you go into the transplant surgery. While you are in the intensive care unit, family members may not stay in your room. Family members can spend the time with the patients during the visiting hours. However, to protect you from infection, anyone who is ill with a cold or flu should not visit.
What will my scars look like?

The scar is down the center of the chest which starts at the noch, or top of the sternal bone, just under your neck, and ends just past the end of the sternal bone. Initially the scar is more prominent but it will fade to a very light, thin line over time.

What medications will I take after the transplant surgery?

Patients are required to take three main immunosuppressive or anti-rejection medications after the transplant surgery. Along with this you will also need to take several medications which help protecting your body from infection.

When can I drive?

You can drive when your sternum, or breastbone, is fully healed after the heart transplant which will take about six weeks.

When can I return to work?

You may return to work two to three months after the heart transplant surgery.

How long does it take to fully recover?

Generally it takes about three to six months to fully recover from the heart transplant surgery. However the recovery period may prolong due to age or previous medical problems.

How long will I be in the hospital?

The average length of stay for most recipients is 6-10 days. Your transplant team will visit you daily. The transplant coordinator will facilitate the organization of all services required for transition from hospital to home before discharge. Further, the transplant coordinator will provide information about all the aspects of post-transplant care such as clinic visit schedule, medications, and daily activities.

What are the risks associated with Heart Transplants?

The most common causes of death following a transplant include infection and rejection. With the exception of having to take lifelong medication in order to keep the body from rejecting the new heart, many heart transplant recipients lead a long and productive life.

What is the long-term outlook?

The long-term outlook is very good now for those people who are fortunate enough to receive a heart transplant. Around 85% and 90% of transplant patients live for at least a year after the transplant, 75% patients are alive after five years and nearly 50% to 60% are alive after ten years.

Usually the quality of life is good, especially if the side effects of the immunosuppressant drugs can be kept to a minimum. They will be able to return to work or go back to further education or school. Many transplant patients can take part in sporting activities.