Organ transplant in India can be called as a medical procedure wherein a body part or an organ is removed from one human body and then is placed inside the body of another patient or recipient in order to replace a missing or damaged human organ. Both the donor and recipient can be called to be at the same location or the organs can be even transported from a donor from one place to the other location. There are several instances of transporting the donated organs from one place to the other. The Organs or the tissues, which are to be transplanted within the body of the same person are known as the autografts. The transplants that are known to be recently carried out in between the two subjects of the same species are known as the allografts. The allografts can either from any living or the cadaveric source. Contact us to request an appointment at the Best Organ Transplant Hospitals in India
The body organs that are to be successfully transplanted to the ailing patients can include heart, liver, kidneys, lungs, intestine, thymus and pancreas. Some of the organs like the brain, cannot be transplanted. The tissues that cannot be transplanted include tendons both the referred to be musculoskeletal grafts along with the cornea, skin, bones, heart valves, veins and nerves. One of the most common body organ that can are found transplanted the most include the kidneys besides the other organs like liver and then the heart. The Corneae along with the musculoskeletal grafts are usually among the most commonly transplanted tissues; which are among the organ transplants that are carried out more than tenfold. The domain of Transplantation is among the most challenging and complex areas modern day medical sciences. The experts dealing with the same can face issues like transplant rejection leading to transplant failure and thus the removal of the organ from the recipient is often required on an urgent basis. Send your enquiry to know about the Top Organ Transplant Hospitals in India.
Some of the donors who donate organs like the above can be both living and dead who donate via the circulatory death. However, the tissue can be obtained from the donors who are seen dying due to the circulatory death along with the brain death, which has to be recovered within 24 hours of the death due to the cessation of heartbeat. Unlike a number of organs, a majority of tissues can be preserved/stored even up to five years, which means one can even bank the organs. However, the organ transplant tend to increase the number of bioethical issues, which include the definition of death in which time one can get the permission from the potential donor for their respective organ to be transplanted or issues like the payment for organs too remains the big issue. Some of the other ethical issues that can arise would include transplantation tourism along with the socio-economic context in which the organ procurement/transplantation can be seen occurring. One big issue can that can arise is the issue of organ trafficking.
When it comes to organ transplant, there are a wide range of organ transplant procedures, some of the common ones are enlisted below with the required details, and have a look at them:
The liver is the body's largest internal organ, located below the diaphragm on the right side of the abdomen. Liver has a unique ability to regenerate. In fact, up to 70 percent of the liver can be safely removed without causing any inconvenience for a healthy individual. The remnant liver grows rapidly to re-establish the full functional capacity required for an individual, within a week’s time, though sometimes it may take about 3–4 weeks for the liver to attain its former size.
The liver performs many complex functions in the body, including:
The kidneys are bean-shaped organs in the human body, each approximately the size of a fist. They are located just below the rib cage, one located on each side of the spine. Every day, our kidneys process about 200 quarts of blood to filter out about 2 quarts of waste products and excess water. These wastes become urine, which flow to the bladder through tubes referred to as ureters. The bladder stores urine till it is released through urination. These wastes in the blood come from the normal breakdown of active tissues, such as muscles, and from the consumed food. Once the body has taken what it needs from food, the wastes are sent to the blood. If the kidneys do not remove these wastes, then these wastes would build up in the blood and can affect the body.
The real removal of wastes happens in tiny units inside the kidneys called Nephrons; each kidney having around a million Nephrons. There is a glomerulus in the nephron, which is a tiny blood vessel, or capillary-intertwines with a small urine-collecting tube called a tubule. This glomerulus acts as a filtering unit, or sieve, and keeps normal proteins and cells in the bloodstream, ultimately allowing extra fluid and wastes to pass through. Then, a complicated chemical exchange takes place, where waste materials and water leave the blood and enter the urinary system.
At first, the tubules receive a combination of waste materials and chemicals, which the body can still use. The kidneys measure or sift out the chemicals like sodium, phosphorus, and potassium and release them back to the blood and control the body's level of these substances.
A Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) is a highly specialized medical procedure performed to replace the bone marrow that has been damaged or destroyed by a disease, an infection, or chemotherapy. This procedure is about transplanting the blood stem cells, which travel to the bone marrow, where they produce new blood cells and boost the growth of new marrow.
Bone marrow is a spongy, fatty tissue inside your bones and it creates the following parts of the blood:
Heart transplant surgery is an open heart surgery that takes several hours. Also, if you have had any heart surgeries previously, the surgery gets more complicated and will take longer span of time. First, the patient is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine in order to maintain the steady flow of oxygen-rich blood throughout your body. In this procedure, the surgeon makes an incision in the chest, then separates the chest bone and opens the rib cage to operate without any hassles. After this, the diseased heart is removed and the new (donor’s) heart is sewn into place. Then the new heart is connected to the aorta, which is the main artery from the heart, the pulmonary artery, and the remaining part of the atria.
Generally, the new heart starts beating as soon as the blood flow is restored. But sometimes an electric shock is required to make the donor heart beat properly. You'll be taken off the bypass machine when your new heart starts beating.
Our lungs are one of the largest organs of our body, which are indispensable as they work on our respiratory system. These are a crucial part of the respiratory system, which consists of a group of organs and tissues that work in coordination to help us breathe. The respiratory system's primary function is to move fresh air into our body and removing the unwanted gases. Do you know that if the inner surface of the lungs could be flattened out, they would occupy an area almost equal to 80-100 square meters; that is about the size of half of a tennis court!
Every cell in the human body needs oxygen in order to survive. The air that we breathe contains oxygen as well as other gases. Once these gases are in the lungs, oxygen is moved into the bloodstream and carried throughout your body. At each cell in the body, oxygen is exchanged for a waste gas called carbon dioxide. The bloodstream then carries this waste gas back to the lungs where it is filtered from the blood stream and then exhaled. This important process called as gas exchange is automatically performed by the lungs and the respiratory system.
Eye transplant though may not be a common term or procedure to hear around us, but it is very well present in the medical circles. As the matter of the fact that one of the part of the eye can be easily transplanted. Generally it one of the eye or the part of eye, which is transplanted and it falls under the eye transplant that are seen given to the donor cornea, which remains the clear front of the eye. The eye is called as the most complex organ, which is connected via your brain though optic nerve. The optic nerve is known to send out visual signals from the eye to the brain wherein it is interpreted as the images. The optic nerve is known as a relatively small and varying size. Even if you see a surgeon implanting a complete eye from one person to the other, it will not function the usual way without giving any sight. Hence a part of the organ is transplanted, which is actually a century old.
India is regarded as a home for high quality healthcare services which come along with low cost services. The organ transplant cost in India is far less when compared with the developed nations like the US and UK. The cost comparison of different organ transplant surgeries can be found out in the following table, have a look at it:
|Organ Transplant Surgery||India||US||UK|
|Liver Transplant Surgery||10,000||56,210||65,000|
|Kidney Transplant Surgery||12,000||62,000||70,000|
|Bone Marrow Transplant||20,000||3,50,000||390360|
There is no dearth of good and highly competitive surgeons in India dealing with different organ transplantation surgeries. Check out the list of top surgeons for organ transplant in India:
The Top Liver transplant Surgeons in India:
The Kidney transplant surgeons include:
The Bone Marrow Transplant surgeons include:
The Heart Transplant surgeons include:
The Eye Transplant surgeons include:
Organ donation refers to the process of removing organs or tissues from a live or recently dead person to be used in another. Liver, Kidneys, Heart, Lungs, Bone Marrow, Eyes (cornea), Pancreas, small bowel and skin can be donated. Healthy organs should be transplanted from the donor to the recipient as soon as possible after brain death of the cadaver donor. Often an Organ donation is an immediate and lasting consolation that is comforting to the family that even though their loved one has died, one or more persons can live on through their gift of life.
Organ Transplant is a medical procedure in which a person's dysfunctional organ or tissue is replaced by that of a healthy person, hence restoring its function. Organs Transplants can drastically improve the quality of life of the patient and provide them another chance to live.
Today, medication and medical advances have resulted in transplant surgeries that are very successful, as high as 95 percent. The transplantation of vital organs has now become routine surgical operation and it is no longer experimental.
Most organ and tissues are donated by individuals at the time of their death. Others are donated by living donors.
Religious leaders of most denominations throughout the world favours organ and tissue donation and considers it as a greatest humanitarian act. Check with your religious leader if you are still concerned.
Anyone from a child to an elderly person can be a donor. Even in case you have had a serious illness in the past, you can still become donors given the right circumstances.
Almost all the organs can be donated by someone who is dead; however, it should reach the recipient within a few hours after the donor's death. Some organs can also be donated by a living person. The blood group should be non-interfering. If the recipient is blood group 'O' then only 'O' can be a donor; if the blood group is AB then any blood group O, A, B & AB can be a donor. This is for live kidney donation
Cadaver organ donation is organ donation after death. In natural death (non-heart beating) eyes and other tissues can be donated, whereas solid organs such as liver, kidney, heart, lungs etc. can be donated in BRAIN Death (heart beating).
Livers, kidneys, bone marrow, lungs, corneas, heart valves, pancreases, tendons, bones, skin and bone marrow can all be transplanted.
Donors and their families do not have to pay for any expenses related to the organ and tissue donation.
The body remains totally intact as the organ removal is a sterile surgical procedure. If desired the open casket funerals are still possible.
When someone is brain dead, it indicates that there is no blood flow or oxygen to their brain and that their brain is no longer functioning in any capacity and never will again. Brain death does not mean that the other organs, such as the liver, heart, or kidneys are dead, though they may still function but only for a few days due to breathing support machines. The moment their support machines are stopped they die. Since this is in the Intensive Care Units of the Hospitals, under strict controlled environment so unless damaged by injury of disease, these organs may be used by another individual through an organ transplant. The Government of India has accepted this definition of Brain Death in the year 1994 by passing Transplant Human Organ Act (THOA).
Brain death usually results from brain hemorrhage or severe brain injury that causes all the brain activity to stop. It can also happen after a bleeding in the brain due to a stroke or a major road accident.
To confirm that a patient is Brain Dead, two Doctors from a different hospital who are not involved with the patient's treatment carry out a series of tests on the patient. These doctors are chosen from a panel of doctors recommended by the Government, and adhere to very strict standards which are medically, legally and ethically accepted all over the world.
There are two different kinds of organ transplant donations:
Currently, the following organs can be donated and transplanted:
Tissues that can be donated are:
However, living donors may only donate a limited list of organs or tissue
A deceased donor is kept on a ventilator after he/she has been declared brain dead until the organs can be harvested. The organs of a brain dead person may stay alive for a varied time period ranging from a couple of days to a couple of weeks. However, the organs have limited life spans once they have been removed from the body and stored in a chemical solution. The length of time donated organs and tissues can be kept outside the body, before transplantation is to occur varies:
After pledging to become a donor, the most important thing that a donor must do is to discuss the decision with his/her family. Though the decision for organ donation is personal, however, organ and tissue donation cannot take place without the consent of the donor's family. It is also advised that the donors help their families understand the motive behind their decisions. For instance, if a donor may have been inspired by another donor's or recipient's story then he/she could narrate to his/her family and make them understand their feelings; so this can make the family to give their consent with the donor's decision.
Recipients needing a transplant should be aware of their roles in the entire procedure. Usually the recipients are (in deceased donations) linked to donors as:
When awaiting a transplant, recipients should keep a few things in mind. They should fully comply with the hospital's requests for information; lack of coordination or hesitance to share information with the hospital may delay the identification of a donor. A positive attitude will help the recipients to endure the time they spend on the waiting list. The time period may vary, from a few days to a few weeks to a few months.
No, not at all. As per The Transplant of Human Organs Act (THOA) 1994, commercial dealings in organs are prohibited making it a punishable offence.
Most people who have an organ transplant live a pretty normal life. However, the organ transplants can still lead to other medical problems because of the medicines required for suppressing the immune system so that it doesn't fight the donor organ. These problems include: diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, gout, gastrointestinal problems, sexual problems, unwanted hair growth, anxiety and depression.
There is no dearth of reasons to be considered when it comes to availing us for various healthcare services including the organ transplant surgery in India. The first and the foremost reason to consider us are to get highly affordable and high quality healthcare packages. Our network of the Top Organ Transplant Centres in India and Best Surgeons for Organ Transplant in India give you enough reasons to consider us. This means you have the top doctor to attend you for your organ transplant along with getting treated at one of the best hospital, which is governed by top facilities and state of art features which are hard to find out at any other place. We have one of the best healthcare packages which give you comprehensive healthcare services, which others will not give.