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Organ Transplant
Organ Transplant
Organ Transplant

Organ transplant in India can be called as a medical procedure wherein a body part or an organ is removed from one human body and then is placed inside the body of another patient or recipient in order to replace a missing or damaged human organ. Both the donor and recipient can be called to be at the same location or the organs can be even transported from a donor from one place to the other location. There are several instances of transporting the donated organs from one place to the other. The Organs or the tissues, which are to be transplanted within the body of the same person are known as the autografts. The transplants that are known to be recently carried out in between the two subjects of the same species are known as the allografts. The allografts can either from any living or the cadaveric source. Contact us to request an appointment at the Best Organ Transplant Hospitals in India

The body organs that are to be successfully transplanted to the ailing patients can include heart, liver, kidneys, lungs, intestine, thymus and pancreas. Some of the organs like the brain, cannot be transplanted. The tissues that cannot be transplanted include tendons both the referred to be musculoskeletal grafts along with the cornea, skin, bones, heart valves, veins and nerves. One of the most common body organ that can are found transplanted the most include the kidneys besides the other organs like liver and then the heart. The Corneae along with the musculoskeletal grafts are usually among the most commonly transplanted tissues; which are among the organ transplants that are carried out more than tenfold. The domain of Transplantation is among the most challenging and complex areas modern day medical sciences. The experts dealing with the same can face issues like transplant rejection leading to transplant failure and thus the removal of the organ from the recipient is often required on an urgent basis. Send your enquiry to know about the Top Organ Transplant Hospitals in India.

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Some of the donors who donate organs like the above can be both living and dead who donate via the circulatory death. However, the tissue can be obtained from the donors who are seen dying due to the circulatory death along with the brain death, which has to be recovered within 24 hours of the death due to the cessation of heartbeat. Unlike a number of organs, a majority of tissues can be preserved/stored even up to five years, which means one can even bank the organs. However, the organ transplant tend to increase the number of bioethical issues, which include the definition of death in which time one can get the permission from the potential donor for their respective organ to be transplanted or issues like the payment for organs too remains the big issue. Some of the other ethical issues that can arise would include transplantation tourism along with the socio-economic context in which the organ procurement/transplantation can be seen occurring. One big issue can that can arise is the issue of organ trafficking.

Types of Organ transplant in details:

When it comes to organ transplant, there are a wide range of organ transplant procedures, some of the common ones are enlisted below with the required details, and have a look at them:

Liver Transplant

Liver Transplant

The liver is the body's largest internal organ, located below the diaphragm on the right side of the abdomen. Liver has a unique ability to regenerate. In fact, up to 70 percent of the liver can be safely removed without causing any inconvenience for a healthy individual. The remnant liver grows rapidly to re-establish the full functional capacity required for an individual, within a week’s time, though sometimes it may take about 3–4 weeks for the liver to attain its former size.

The liver performs many complex functions in the body, including:

  • Makes most proteins needed by the body
  • Metabolizes, or breaks down the nutrients from food to make energy, when needed
  • Prevents shortage of nutrients by storing certain vitamins, minerals, and sugar
  • Makes bile, a compound needed to digest fat and to absorb vitamins A, D, E, and K
  • Makes most of the substances that control blood clotting
  • Helps the body fight infection by removing bacteria from the blood
  • Removes potentially toxic by-products of certain medications
Liver Transplant

Kidney Transplant

The kidneys are bean-shaped organs in the human body, each approximately the size of a fist. They are located just below the rib cage, one located on each side of the spine. Every day, our kidneys process about 200 quarts of blood to filter out about 2 quarts of waste products and excess water. These wastes become urine, which flow to the bladder through tubes referred to as ureters. The bladder stores urine till it is released through urination. These wastes in the blood come from the normal breakdown of active tissues, such as muscles, and from the consumed food. Once the body has taken what it needs from food, the wastes are sent to the blood. If the kidneys do not remove these wastes, then these wastes would build up in the blood and can affect the body.

The real removal of wastes happens in tiny units inside the kidneys called Nephrons; each kidney having around a million Nephrons. There is a glomerulus in the nephron, which is a tiny blood vessel, or capillary-intertwines with a small urine-collecting tube called a tubule. This glomerulus acts as a filtering unit, or sieve, and keeps normal proteins and cells in the bloodstream, ultimately allowing extra fluid and wastes to pass through. Then, a complicated chemical exchange takes place, where waste materials and water leave the blood and enter the urinary system.

At first, the tubules receive a combination of waste materials and chemicals, which the body can still use. The kidneys measure or sift out the chemicals like sodium, phosphorus, and potassium and release them back to the blood and control the body's level of these substances.

Liver Transplant

Bone Marrow Transplant

A Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT) is a highly specialized medical procedure performed to replace the bone marrow that has been damaged or destroyed by a disease, an infection, or chemotherapy. This procedure is about transplanting the blood stem cells, which travel to the bone marrow, where they produce new blood cells and boost the growth of new marrow.

Bone marrow is a spongy, fatty tissue inside your bones and it creates the following parts of the blood:

  • Red blood cells, which carry oxygen and nutrients throughout the body
  • White blood cells, which fight infection
  • Platelets, which are responsible for the formation of clots
Liver Transplant

Heart Transplant

Heart transplant surgery is an open heart surgery that takes several hours. Also, if you have had any heart surgeries previously, the surgery gets more complicated and will take longer span of time. First, the patient is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine in order to maintain the steady flow of oxygen-rich blood throughout your body. In this procedure, the surgeon makes an incision in the chest, then separates the chest bone and opens the rib cage to operate without any hassles. After this, the diseased heart is removed and the new (donor’s) heart is sewn into place. Then the new heart is connected to the aorta, which is the main artery from the heart, the pulmonary artery, and the remaining part of the atria.

Generally, the new heart starts beating as soon as the blood flow is restored. But sometimes an electric shock is required to make the donor heart beat properly. You'll be taken off the bypass machine when your new heart starts beating.

Lung Transplant

Lung Transplant

Our lungs are one of the largest organs of our body, which are indispensable as they work on our respiratory system. These are a crucial part of the respiratory system, which consists of a group of organs and tissues that work in coordination to help us breathe. The respiratory system's primary function is to move fresh air into our body and removing the unwanted gases. Do you know that if the inner surface of the lungs could be flattened out, they would occupy an area almost equal to 80-100 square meters; that is about the size of half of a tennis court!

Why are Lungs so crucial?


Every cell in the human body needs oxygen in order to survive. The air that we breathe contains oxygen as well as other gases. Once these gases are in the lungs, oxygen is moved into the bloodstream and carried throughout your body. At each cell in the body, oxygen is exchanged for a waste gas called carbon dioxide. The bloodstream then carries this waste gas back to the lungs where it is filtered from the blood stream and then exhaled. This important process called as gas exchange is automatically performed by the lungs and the respiratory system.

Liver Transplant

Eye Transplant

Eye transplant though may not be a common term or procedure to hear around us, but it is very well present in the medical circles. As the matter of the fact that one of the part of the eye can be easily transplanted. Generally it one of the eye or the part of eye, which is transplanted and it falls under the eye transplant that are seen given to the donor cornea, which remains the clear front of the eye. The eye is called as the most complex organ, which is connected via your brain though optic nerve. The optic nerve is known to send out visual signals from the eye to the brain wherein it is interpreted as the images. The optic nerve is known as a relatively small and varying size. Even if you see a surgeon implanting a complete eye from one person to the other, it will not function the usual way without giving any sight. Hence a part of the organ is transplanted, which is actually a century old.

Cost comparison


India is regarded as a home for high quality healthcare services which come along with low cost services. The organ transplant cost in India is far less when compared with the developed nations like the US and UK. The cost comparison of different organ transplant surgeries can be found out in the following table, have a look at it:

Organ Transplant Surgery India US UK
Liver Transplant Surgery 10,00056,21065,000
Kidney Transplant Surgery12,00062,00070,000
Bone Marrow Transplant 20,0003,50,000390360
Heart Transplant 30,0001,30,000139,000
Eye Transplant200012,00013,500

List of topmost surgeons


There is no dearth of good and highly competitive surgeons in India dealing with different organ transplantation surgeries. Check out the list of top surgeons for organ transplant in India:

The Top Liver transplant Surgeons in India:

  • Dr. Anand Khakhar
  • Dr. Anand Ramamurthy
  • Dr. Mahesh Gopasetty
  • Dr. Manish C Varma
  • Dr. Neerav Goyal

The Kidney transplant surgeons include:

  • Dr. Rajesh Kumar Ahlawat
  • Dr. Harsha Jauhari
  • Dr. Mohan Keshavamurthy
  • Dr. SH Bhatiyal
  • Dr. Manoj Kumar Singhal

The Bone Marrow Transplant surgeons include:

  • Dr. Suresh Advani
  • Dr. Vinod Raina
  • Dr. Ashok Vaidya
  • Dr. Amita Mahajan
  • Dr. Dinesh Bhurani

The Heart Transplant surgeons include:

  • Dr. Devi Shetty
  • Ramakanta Panda
  • Dr. Naresh Trehan
  • Dr. Amit Mittal
  • Dr. Dhiren Shah

The Eye Transplant surgeons include:

  • Dr. Neeraj Sandhuja
  • Dr. Parul Soni
  • Dr. Vishal Arora
  • Dr. Sameer Kaushal
  • Dr. Rajesh Rastogi

FAQ's for India Organ Transplant.com

Organ donation refers to the process of removing organs or tissues from a live or recently dead person to be used in another. Liver, Kidneys, Heart, Lungs, Bone Marrow, Eyes (cornea), Pancreas, small bowel and skin can be donated. Healthy organs should be transplanted from the donor to the recipient as soon as possible after brain death of the cadaver donor. Often an Organ donation is an immediate and lasting consolation that is comforting to the family that even though their loved one has died, one or more persons can live on through their gift of life.

Organ Transplant is a medical procedure in which a person's dysfunctional organ or tissue is replaced by that of a healthy person, hence restoring its function. Organs Transplants can drastically improve the quality of life of the patient and provide them another chance to live.

Today, medication and medical advances have resulted in transplant surgeries that are very successful, as high as 95 percent. The transplantation of vital organs has now become routine surgical operation and it is no longer experimental.

Most organ and tissues are donated by individuals at the time of their death. Others are donated by living donors.

Religious leaders of most denominations throughout the world favours organ and tissue donation and considers it as a greatest humanitarian act. Check with your religious leader if you are still concerned.

Anyone from a child to an elderly person can be a donor. Even in case you have had a serious illness in the past, you can still become donors given the right circumstances.

Almost all the organs can be donated by someone who is dead; however, it should reach the recipient within a few hours after the donor's death. Some organs can also be donated by a living person. The blood group should be non-interfering. If the recipient is blood group 'O' then only 'O' can be a donor; if the blood group is AB then any blood group O, A, B & AB can be a donor. This is for live kidney donation

Cadaver organ donation is organ donation after death. In natural death (non-heart beating) eyes and other tissues can be donated, whereas solid organs such as liver, kidney, heart, lungs etc. can be donated in BRAIN Death (heart beating).

Livers, kidneys, bone marrow, lungs, corneas, heart valves, pancreases, tendons, bones, skin and bone marrow can all be transplanted.

Donors and their families do not have to pay for any expenses related to the organ and tissue donation.

The body remains totally intact as the organ removal is a sterile surgical procedure. If desired the open casket funerals are still possible.

When someone is brain dead, it indicates that there is no blood flow or oxygen to their brain and that their brain is no longer functioning in any capacity and never will again. Brain death does not mean that the other organs, such as the liver, heart, or kidneys are dead, though they may still function but only for a few days due to breathing support machines. The moment their support machines are stopped they die. Since this is in the Intensive Care Units of the Hospitals, under strict controlled environment so unless damaged by injury of disease, these organs may be used by another individual through an organ transplant. The Government of India has accepted this definition of Brain Death in the year 1994 by passing Transplant Human Organ Act (THOA).

Brain death usually results from brain hemorrhage or severe brain injury that causes all the brain activity to stop. It can also happen after a bleeding in the brain due to a stroke or a major road accident.

Brain Death and Normal Death

To confirm that a patient is Brain Dead, two Doctors from a different hospital who are not involved with the patient's treatment carry out a series of tests on the patient. These doctors are chosen from a panel of doctors recommended by the Government, and adhere to very strict standards which are medically, legally and ethically accepted all over the world.

There are two different kinds of organ transplant donations:

  1. Living Donor Transplant: This is when a living person decides to donate his or her organ(s) to someone in need of a transplant. Usually the living donors are family members or close friends of the person needing a transplant and they must meet certain medical criteria. Before being accepted as suitable donors they are required to undergo comprehensive medical testing.
  2. Deceased Donor Transplant: This occurs when organs from a brain dead individual are transplanted into the body of a living recipient. In this scenario, the deceased individual can only be a victim of brain death. In this kind of transplant, the recipient needs to be on a wait list until a suitable organ is available based on the medical profile of the recipient.

Currently, the following organs can be donated and transplanted:

  1. Liver: A large organ located on the right side of the belly that secrets bile. It is active in the formation of certain blood proteins and in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Liver transplant is used to treat various conditions which cause liver failure, such as cirrhosis or liver cancer.
  2. Kidneys: Pair of bean-shaped organs, located just below the rib cage, one on each side of the spine that regulates acid-base concentration, maintains proper water and electrolyte balance, and filters the blood of metabolic waste excreted as urine. A kidney transplant may be recommended for those who have been diagnosed with end stage kidney disease.
  3. Heart: A muscular organ pumping blood through the body. Heart transplant is required for babies born with heart defects and to help those suffering from heart failure..
  4. Lungs: A pair of large, spongy organs which is an important part of the respiratory system. It takes in oxygen and expels carbon dioxide from the blood. Lung transplants are recommended for those with severe lung disease. Sometimes there is a combined heart and lung transplant.
  5. Pancreas: A glandular organ located in the abdomen which aids in the digestion of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Pancreas transplant involves transplanting healthy pancreas in those who are insulin-dependent Type I diabetes.
  6. Tissues that can be donated are:

    • Cornea: The outer curved transparent tissue covering the iris and pupil on the outside of the eye. Corneal transplant is a common procedure for restoring vision in people with eye diseases and corneal infections
    • Skin: A tissue protecting the body from injury and infection. Skin transplants or skin grafts treat severe burns, skin loss and extensive wounds due to infection.
    • Heart Valves: Tissues that prevent the back flow of blood into the heart. Heart valve transplants are used to treat malfunctioning heart valves due to birth defects, infections, and aging. Heart valves are removed from the heart and are used for transplants when the entire heart is not usable
    • Bones: Connective tissues that are dense, porous, semi rigid, and calcified forming the major portion of the skeleton of most vertebrates. Bone transplantation is recommended for reconstruction related to tumours, trauma, disease and fractures and to fill defects. For the recipient, it restores mobility, decreases pain, and prevents amputation and collapse of bone.
    • Tendons: Tissues which attach muscles to bones. Tendon transplants are indicated in patients who have lost muscle function due to damage to tendons or nerve injury. It improves the recipient's life and makes it pain free.
  1. Donor undergoes the medical tests and evaluations to check his/her medical compatibility with the recipient.
  2. Donor's medical compatibility is confirmed by a doctor, only after which a transplant may take place.
  3. Donor's organs are surgically retrieved and stored in special chemical solutions until transplantation is to occur.
  4. Donor's body is surgically closed
  5. Donor may have to stay under medical care for a few days after organ retrieval has occurred.

However, living donors may only donate a limited list of organs or tissue

  1. The donor, a victim of a fatal injury to the head who is declared brain dead by a board of medical experts.
  2. Consent from the donor's family is obtained before the organ procurement process is carried out. The donor's body is temporarily kept on a ventilator under special medical care ensuring that his/her heart is still beating and organs are kept alive.
  3. Identify a suitable recipient(s) for the organ(s) off a waiting list and notify
  4. The donor's organs are retrieved surgically and stored in special chemical solutions until the transplantation is to occur.
  5. Then the ventilator support is ceased and the donor's body is surgically closed and released to the family.

A deceased donor is kept on a ventilator after he/she has been declared brain dead until the organs can be harvested. The organs of a brain dead person may stay alive for a varied time period ranging from a couple of days to a couple of weeks. However, the organs have limited life spans once they have been removed from the body and stored in a chemical solution. The length of time donated organs and tissues can be kept outside the body, before transplantation is to occur varies:

  • 12 to 24 hours for liver
  • 48 to 72 hours for kidneys
  • 4 to 6 hours for heart
  • 4 to 6 hours for lung
  • 4 to 6 hours for heart-lung

After pledging to become a donor, the most important thing that a donor must do is to discuss the decision with his/her family. Though the decision for organ donation is personal, however, organ and tissue donation cannot take place without the consent of the donor's family. It is also advised that the donors help their families understand the motive behind their decisions. For instance, if a donor may have been inspired by another donor's or recipient's story then he/she could narrate to his/her family and make them understand their feelings; so this can make the family to give their consent with the donor's decision.

Recipients needing a transplant should be aware of their roles in the entire procedure. Usually the recipients are (in deceased donations) linked to donors as:

  1. The recipient is identified by a hospital as someone who is in need of an organ/tissue transplant.
  2. The recipient's medical profile and information has been verified by the hospital in-charge.
  3. The recipient is placed on a wait list of a hospital or a network of hospitals.
  4. A suitable donor is identified based on medical compatibility with the recipient.
  5. The recipient is informed about the donor and that the transplant may take place.

When awaiting a transplant, recipients should keep a few things in mind. They should fully comply with the hospital's requests for information; lack of coordination or hesitance to share information with the hospital may delay the identification of a donor. A positive attitude will help the recipients to endure the time they spend on the waiting list. The time period may vary, from a few days to a few weeks to a few months.

No, not at all. As per The Transplant of Human Organs Act (THOA) 1994, commercial dealings in organs are prohibited making it a punishable offence.

Most people who have an organ transplant live a pretty normal life. However, the organ transplants can still lead to other medical problems because of the medicines required for suppressing the immune system so that it doesn't fight the donor organ. These problems include: diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, gout, gastrointestinal problems, sexual problems, unwanted hair growth, anxiety and depression.

List of top hospitals


Unlike the long list of doctors and surgeons dealing with different organ transplant, there is no dearth of top hospitals and clinics in India. Some of these hospitals can be enlisted as under:

Fortis Hospital Delhi : It is popular for a wide range of organ transplant including all the ones named above.
Apollo Hospital Chennai : – This is popular for liver, kidney and others.
Artemis Hospital Gurgaon : This is poplar for eye, liver and kidney along with others in the above given list.
Max Hospital Delhi & Gurgaon : It is often considered for a number of organ transplant like Kidney and liver
Medanta – The Medicity, Gurgaon : This hospital is very much popular for heart and has one of the best resources and state of art facilities hospital.
Columbia Asia Hospital, Bangalore : This is one of the best hospital for kidney, liver and bone marrow transplant surgeries
Kokilaben Hospital, Mumbai : It is known for having highly-trained doctors and medical specialists that carry organ transplants like liver, kidney and bone marrow transplantation.
Hiranandani Hospital, Mumbai : This hospital is famous for liver, kidney and several other transplants and surgeries in Mumbai.
AIIMS, Delhi : It needs no introduction when it comes to the popularity and quality of healthcare services. All the organ transplant surgery is carried out here.
Narayana Health, across India : This hospital is present in all the major cities in India and is popular for various organ transplant including heart, bone marrow and others.

Our Services to International Patients


If you are considering us for any of the above named organ transplant surgery, you are ought to get a number of facilities and some of these are clubbed as under:

Visa Assistance : We will help you to get the medical visa. With our guidance and support, you can really expedite your medical visa application to a great extent.

Airport Pick up & Drop Facilities : The global patients can get high quality healthcare services which starts with picking the global patients from the airport and take care of them at every stage of their stay in India till they are dropped to the airport to return to their home country.

Boarding & Lodging : You get the best place to stay with us along with getting the food on time at much of the inexpensive cost.

Complete Healthcare package : You will get all kinds of support for your organ transplant surgery in India, right from fixing the appointment with the doctors to getting the medical reports and other things on time, you have a long list of things that can be carried out with us.

Local travel and food : We arrange everything for the global patients, right from giving them food on the right time to other things like local travel.

Why us


Liver Transplant

There is no dearth of reasons to be considered when it comes to availing us for various healthcare services including the organ transplant surgery in India. The first and the foremost reason to consider us are to get highly affordable and high quality healthcare packages. Our network of the Top Organ Transplant Centres in India and Best Surgeons for Organ Transplant in India give you enough reasons to consider us. This means you have the top doctor to attend you for your organ transplant along with getting treated at one of the best hospital, which is governed by top facilities and state of art features which are hard to find out at any other place. We have one of the best healthcare packages which give you comprehensive healthcare services, which others will not give.

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